Pollination is the key thing that bees do for Planet Earth. Bees are crucial to our food supply, as they pollinate much of the fruit, veggies, flower and nut crops of our developed world.
The worker bees collect pollen & nectar from flowers. The pollen is used as a protein source (for bees and humans) & the nectar is an energy source. Some of the pollen lands on the pistils of the flower and cross-pollination happens. Bees contribute +$2 billion to Australia's food crops via pollination and about $US30-90 billion pa. (The Australian 15-16 Sep 2007)
There are about 20,000 known species of bees. The ones that most beekeepers keep are the world's most populous bee, the European honey bee. The scientific name Apis Mellifera means 'honey-bearing bee'. Apis is Latin for 'bee' and mellifera comes from Latin melli 'honey' and ferre ' to bear'. The name Apis Mellifera was given by Carolus Linnaeus himself in 1758. Linnaeus later realised that bees do not bear honey, but rather they bear nectar and so he tried to fix it to 'honey-making bee' (Apis mellifica) ...but the older name had precedence.
Romy Surtees works for Elixir Honey. .